As one of the best scuba diving destinations in the world for all experience levels, every dive in Cozumel has the potential to become your next dream dive. This subtropical island is the largest in the Mexican Caribbean, located just 19 km (12 miles) off the Yucatan Peninsula, and only a short water-taxi ride from Cancun. Most of the snorkeling and scuba diving in Cozumel takes place in the easily accessed coral formations off its south-western coastline, particularly amongst the Palancar and Colombia Reefs. These shallow reefs, with their abundance of marine life, are best known for their soft gorgonian fans and massive elephant-ear sponges, measuring 3-3 ½ meters (10-12 feet) across. Other diving opportunities include vertical drop-offs where you can encounter sharks, rays and dolphins, enormous coral heads, some of which are home to Cozumel’s breathtaking cave systems, and freshwater caves on the Yucatan’s mainland. All of these fantastic sites and features await your exploration in this land of tropical breezes.
Drifts to Drop-Offs
Cozumel, known to locals as the Island of the Swallows, is a year-round dive destination that offers outstanding visibility of 30-60 meters (100-200 feet), and possibly best of all: easy drift diving. Thanks to the region’s continuous ocean currents flowing through its reefs, Cozumel is effectively the drift-diving capital of the Caribbean, and offers divers a flow rate of 1 to 2 knots as they fly through its colourful coral formations.
Chankanaab Lagoon, in Chankanaab National Park, is one of Cozumel’s favourite hotspots and gives snorkelers and novice divers alike easy access to a shallow cove, where they can enjoy plentiful fish species and coral heads. Scuba divers here can also use the lagoon to access a popular offshore dive site. Santa Rosa Reef, easily accessed out of San Miguel, will take you from a float over the smooth white sands of its Shallows, to a wall featuring multiple caves and tunnels to explore. This relatively deep reef features plenty of ledges, as well as stony coral and giant sponges, and divers should keep their eyes open for turtles, giant parrotfish, and giant green moray eels. Meanwhile, the San Francisco Reef makes a great first wall dive for the less experienced scuba diver. Ranging from 10-15 meters (35-50 feet), with three separate sections divided by 45-55 meter (50-60 yard) sandy stretches, the reef is alive with various species of marine life, including rays and sea turtles. For deep wall first-timers, this drop over the edge into nothingness can be quite a memorable experience.
Jungle Cave Diving
Freshwater cave diving on the mainland is a unique experience that should definitely be a part of every diving vacation in Cozumel. Over the years, rainwater has dissolved the limestone formations of the Yucatan region to such an extent that underground rivers have formed, and a huge cave system has developed, with waters flowing all the way out to the ocean. Due to ongoing erosion, the roofs of these cave systems have collapsed here and there, exposing the underground streams to the surface. At sites like the magical Cenote Dos Ojos, cave divers can explore these sinkholes in the jungle with only an open water certificate, and can gain access to more than 80 km (50 miles) of underwater cave systems. These caves were dry at some point during their geological development, and so beautiful formations of stalactites and stalagmites have evolved, making these subaquatic caves some of the most beautiful and fascinating in the world.
Getting from Here to There
As one of the best values in the Caribbean, the island of Cozumel is easily reached from most major centers, thanks to charter flights. The Cozumel Airport offers flights in and out on a daily basis, but many visitors fly to Cancun International Airport and choose an air shuttle, water taxi, or bus and ferry option to get to the island’s main town of San Miguel. Spanish is the region’s official language, but because Cozumel is such a popular tourist destination, English is widely spoken. Be advised, however, that local merchants and businesses are no longer permitted to exchange US currency for local pesos. Our preferred supplier Dive Paradise is one local merchant that’s been in business for over 17 years, and they are Cozumel’s leading dive operator. They maintain a fleet of 12 boats of various sizes, and offer pick-ups from most hotels.
Water temperatures in Cozumel hold steady at an impressive range of 25-29oC (77-85oF) throughout the year, and in spite of the region’s rainy season from May through September, diving is still possible on most days, and scuba diving packages in Cozumel are plentiful. For divers and other Cozumel sightseers looking for a bit of variety, you can stay dry and explore reef formations at a depth of 30 meters (100 feet) with a local submarine company, or investigate one of the island’s ancient Mayan sites via four-wheel drive or horseback. A round of golf, nightlife in San Miguel, hanging out on one of the island’s glorious white beaches, or enjoying a mainland tour are all appealing options to be considered for those few, precious days out of the water.
Thank you to Ran Mor for the use of his images.